Nenets still rely on their traditional clothing, which is compiled by women. Men wear the malitsa, a layer made of 4 reindeer skins, the nearest to the fur inside and leather the outer coat. It is compiled with a hood and mittens integrated into the suit . When the cold is extreme, still carry over another garment: the gus, which men wear the part of the leather on the inside and the outside skin. In that case, a man  is able to spend all night and sleep outside with the herd, at temperatures of 50 degrees below zero. Yagushka is the women dress, which has a double layer of skin, made from 8 reindeer skins and tied ahead. Finally, both men and women wear boots that come to their hips, with an inner layer (tobaki) and the outer boot (Kisy).

treball2

It is a curious fact that clothing when is too old or is already in very bad conditions, it is not discarded, but they carry to forest and hanging from a tree, because they believe it will be useful in the afterlife.

treball dona nenet

The housing of the Nenets is the chum, a space where they live and work, made by reindeer skins, which are placed over a structure of long wooden sticks, many of which have special place and are not interchangeable. In general, each chum, lives a family, and chums number depends on the size of the camp, the place chosen for installation always depends on the resources available: pasture, water and firewood; but also their beliefs. When the boss of the family find the right place, digs into the ground the khorei, his stick reindeer driving: that will be the center of the chum.

chum desfet

The space inside and outside the chum, is always distributed in the same way. Sleds and caravans are arranged in semicircles around the chum, with sleds of provisions and belongings of women placed in front or near the door, where it is also their workplace. Men’s things stay at the back, which is where they usually also work. Finally, the sacred sled is always placed in the back of the chum, and pointing to its center, The “toilets” are located away from the camp, and separated the men from the women.

secred sled

They often carry a stick to go to “restroom”, worth doing like them … It turns out that the reindeer find  irresistible salt of urine and do not pay attention can be absolutely surrounded !!!!

‘We’re leaving in three days !! But before we left we will give you time to tell you something else.

‘See you soon, then !!

Find your adventure trip and your highest quality training courses in:

https://www.amaroqexplorers.com

 

There is very little for April 15. We are eager to seeing our friends Nenets and our friend and fellow, Aleksey. Everything is ready, and the visa is in our passport already.

That who are the Nenets? They are the shepherds from the End of the World.

You see, there is a place where winter temperatures drop to 50º C below zero. Where meanders, under the ice, the fifth longest river in the world and where even far beyond where the eye can see, there is only meadows, streams and dwarf shrubs. In this place, it thrived long time ago, a strong and vibrant culture, which called this land, Yamal. Yamal in the language of this culture, in nenet,  means “World’s End“.

nenet tempesta

The Siberian Arctic Nenet people are the last representatives of an unique style of herdering. They travel with their herds of reindeer, throughout the year, following ancient migration routes, a distance of over 1,000 kilometers, from the pastures of mosses and lichens in summer from the North, to the winter pastures in the taiga, just south of the Arctic Circle. A large area that has been  their Nenet’s home for more than a millennium.

The Nenet people live in the polar regions of northeastern Europe and northwestern Siberia, from the Kanin Peninsula in the White Sea to the delta of the Yenisey. They also inhabit the Arctic Ocean islands and the Kola Peninsula. A territory of about one million square kilometers. The homeland of the Nenets is the tundra, a country of permafrost, many rivers, lakes (about 50,000) and extensive wetlands. Along the banks of the Ob River, the Nenet settlements reach the long extensive territory of  forests of the Siberian taiga.

nens nenet

In the Yamal Peninsula, which belongs to the Russian Federation and occupies an area of 1.5 times France, live more than 10,000 nomadic herders and 300,000 “domestic”reindeer.

When spring comes, the Nenets and their flocks begin their journey towards north. During this trip they will be setting up camps every three or four days. In the caravan,  head of the family goes first, with a light sled; after children and women, after sleds with utensils and tools and chum, their mobile home, then the reindeer herd, and end their sacred sleigh with its special cargo.

nenet camp

Did you enjoyed with what we have told? If so, and you want to know more about this amazing culture, before we leave you we will tell you more.

See you soon!

Find your adventure trip and your highest quality training courses in:

https://www.amaroqexplorers.com

 

We are back !!

This week in Hardangervidda has been intense. A journey on skis and pulka in which we have conducted workshops of all kinds, within the course of Cold Environtments (Wilderness Guides) of W.G.A. Led by X-Plore, we have handled nivology workshops and navigation compass.

There have been eight days in total, from 1st to March 8th, in which students, all mountain leaders (UIMLA) and ourselves, have expanded and strengthened our expertise in leadership, group management, conflict resolution, winter camping , survival in cold environments, tracking, repairing stoves, pulkas driving techniques, telecommunications, terrain safety circulation, moisture management and much more.

IMG_1511 IMG_1520 IMG_1528

We have shared some fantastic days with a spectacular people. New friends already.

We found everyone very soon the day 1, Prat Airport (Barcelona), to catch our flight to Bergen with Norwegian with more packages which carries Santa Claus on his sleigh.

IMG_1378

 

Once in Bergen, we spent the night in a highly recommended Hotel, Marken Gjesthus, which is very close to the Bus Station, and still closer to the Central Train Station, we took shortly before 8:00 am on next, heading towards Finse. This route is recognized as one of the most beautiful travel by train in the world. I agree.

Once in Finse, we prepared all the equipment together with pulkas, who previously rode the train and, ready to go !!

IMG_1503

We enjoyed, learned and shared everything and everyone, surrounded by spectacular scenery. An environment that can be overwhelming, despite staying relatively close to civilization. In which we could  feel inside our bones how cold is able to bite. We arrived at temperatures of  – 25.4 ° C. And we slept one night in a makeshift shelter, no tents, no stoves, and someone even without sleeping bag. Alone and distanced from each other. A long night, indeed.

IMG_1476

We have returned with everything we need to organize more than one activity in this area. Soon, we will prepare and be all set to share with you all that we have lived.

We hope to see you here at Hardangervidda !!

See you soon!!

Find your adventure trip and your highest quality training courses in:

https://www.amaroqexplorers.com