The Pedraforca, with its peculiar relief, has been erected as one of the most beautiful and representative mountains of the Catalan territory. Its profile, from the east slope, is the best known. The route by the so-called Coll del Verdet, is the most beautiful and technical route, in its last stretch, to win its summit.
The predominant rocks are limestones, from several geological periods, which give us a good amount of ravines, grottos, caves and chasms, scattered throughout the territory of the Park.
The vertebral column of the Park is the crest oriented from west to east that follows the Cadí, the Moixeró, the Tosa and Puigllançada mountain ranges.
The neck Pendis pass, located in the middle of the crest, separates the Eocene structures from the Cadí from the Paleozoic (mainly Devonian) Moixeró-Tosa-Puigllançada complex. The whole, however, is part of the mantle of the Cadí, which is the main structure of the eastern Pre-Pyrenees.
The other major structural relief of the Park is the Pedraforca massif, located to the south of the Cadí mountain range and literally perched on it by another mantle of bleed.
The mantle of the Pedraforca, constituted basically by cretaceous limestones (secondary), is on top of the rocks of the Eocene (tertiary) of the mantle of the Cadí. That is why we say that the Pedraforca (which also includes the Cadinell and the Cloterons) is a superior mantle, and that of the Cadí, an inferior mantle.
The compressive forces that caused the uprising of the Pyrenees also caused this overcrowding of rocks that are the shifting mantles. First, the Pedraforca was moved to the south, and later, that of the Cadí with the Pedraforca on top. So it has been the rocks of the Pedraforca mantle that have moved more towards the south, in a distance that is calculated between 25 and 50 km.
In the Park and periphery you can find about 60 species of mammals, but most are difficult to observe because they are nocturnal or of very discreet habits.
This difficulty is especially high in the case of the wolf (Canis lupus), which has started the recolonization of this area since 2000, a century after it was extinct.
Between the mammals of easy observation they emphasize the ungulates and especially the chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica), in general quite confident and that can be seen well to the meadows of high mountain of all the Park. The deer (Cervus elaphus) is observed with more difficulty so that it moves mostly within the forests, but it is currently abundant in the sector between Bagà and Castellar de n’Hug.
The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is found in many forests of the Park, where it is seen with relative ease and is still detected more by its voice, which resembles a dog bark.
It must be said that both the deer and the roe deer were extinguished in the 18th and 19th centuries, and that they were re-introduced a few decades ago.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common and present throughout the Park, but difficult to see, and is mostly detected by the excrement and its habit of carving or digging the soil to eat roots and invertebrates.
You can also easily see the marmot (Marmota marmota), which was introduced into the Pyrenees from the Alps and has colonized the Park since the 1990s. It is currently very abundant and easy to observe in the surroundings of Coll de Pal and of the neck of the Creueta.
The squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), related to the marmot, is also often seen in the woods, although it is more common to find the pineapples that it has nibbled.
Other mammals of average size are basically nocturnal, and during the day they are usually only detected by their tracks and excrements, as occurs with the hare (Lepus europaeus) or common small carnivores such as the beech marten (Martes foina), the badger (Meles meles) or the genet (Genetta genetta).
- Dificulty: High
- Distance: 9,1 km
- Slope: 940 m
- Estimated time: 5 hours
|Point of departure / arrival||Barcelona / Saldes|
- The Pedraforca is one of the most emblematic mountains, if not the most of all the Catalan territory, and one of the most beautiful.
- This itinerary is one of the classic and most beautiful in Catalonia, due to the peculiarities of the relief.
- Climbing, in some sections quite aerial but easy, until winning the North Summit.
- Ridging, with climbs and detours, until reaching the culminating point, the Pollegó Superior.
The schedules can be adjusted in spring-summer and autumn-winter, depending on the needs of customers
|Groupsize||mín 3 / máx 8|
08:00 am Meeting point, to co-ordinate with the group in Barcelona. We will make a quick review of the equipment to not leave anything and we will move to Saldes (Mirador del Gressolet). Private transportation (Van). (2 h.)
10:30 am Start of the activity.
We leave the vehicle in the parking lot of the Mirador del Gresolet. We undo on foot 50 meters from the road of Saldes, where we have arrived, and we will see some stairs in a road indicated with arrows of the PR-123, first, and orange marks of the Cavalls de Vent later, that will take us to the refuge Estasen , to the Jaça dels Prats (1,668 m).
On the outside of the shelter, a sign indicates the direction of the path that leads to the Pedra. It is a road signposted as PR-123, that leaves in a westerly direction, that goes up smoothly, in general, until arriving at a wide channel called Riambau creek. After crossing another creek, we started a steep climb to the grotto of Rua Gran.
This section of route is interrupted up to four times, crossed by creeks. It passes through a mountain pine forest . It is a flanking at the foot of the North wall. Then we continue along a rocky terrace until we reach a stream where there is a fountain. We climb up a hill, follow a forest ridge and overcome a right creek that leads to the Collado de Verdet (2,224 m).
At this point we leave PR-123, which takes NW direction. To get here means to have overcome the toughest physical part of the ascent. But also that we are about to face the most technical part of the itinerary. This is the point to assess the weather conditions, because this is a dangerous mountain in cases of storm or strong winds. The land, from now on is totally exposed, without trees and abrupt, where you have to help your hands to progress, more than once. From the base of the wall, we began to climb, following some yellow markings. At some points the climb is very aerial, and can impress anyone who has never climbed. The ascent is continuous until the North Summit is won, but to get to the Pollegó Superior we still have to ride another 20 min, with continuous climbs and detours.
Once we reach the highest point, we take the South direction towards the Enforcadura. This is the pass that separates Pollegó Superior and the Calderer, from the Pollegó Inferior, in the central pot. Following the talus on its right side, a recovered path passes, which makes it easier and more comfortable, in general, to go down to the refuge. You have to be careful not to go too far to turn left, heading North, in order to be able to flank the mountain to the refuge. It is a path that runs comfortably through the interior of the forest. From the shelter we return to recover the path that leads to the Mirador.
End of program