The Serra del Boumort Protected Natural Area coincides with the Boumort National Hunting Reserve, with an extension of 13,097 ha. It is a protected area since 1991 and is located in the western Catalan Pyrenees, between the valleys of Noguera Pallaresa and Segre, covering a series of mountain ranges arranged transversally from one valley to another, among which the Serra de Boumort to the Reserve, the Carreu mountain range, the Cuberes mountain range and the Batsacans mountain range.
The maximum altitudes of the Reserve are reached at the peak of Boumort (2,077 m), Pi Sec (1,917 m) and Cap de Carreu (1,848 m).
We are in front of a typical pre-Pyrenean landscape with steep mountain ranges and quite rugged relief that gives rise to strong contrasts, which brings on a great diversity.
Its main attraction is the important population of deer that inhabits it. Deer can be seen throughout the year, although the most spectacular moment is in the rutting season, between mid-September and mid-October, when you can enjoy an amazing show by the side of a guide who know the best places to observe these animals. The reserve stands out as the only place in Europe where the four species of vultures of the continent are reproduced: griffon vulture, black vulture (reintroduced as of 2007), bearded vulture and Egyptian vulture.
The vegetation of the RNC is a very representative sample of the typical vegetation of the Catalan Central-Western Pre-Pyrenees. In addition, it is enriched by the penetration of boreo-alpine species, which are located in the sub-alpine stage of the culminating levels of the Boumort mountain range, and by the maintenance of xero-mediterranean elements that further increase the singularity of these mountains.
One of the most remarkable characteristics is the great diversity of vegetation, both in terms of the number of existing communities and their structure. This is motivated by the wide range of environmental conditions that can be found in a relatively small area. Thus, the present vegetation represents practically all the altitudinal stages except the alpine one.
The dominant landscape is of a sub-Mediterranean nature with secondary pine forests of black pine and Scots pine that fall within the domain of the small-leafed oak forest, nowadays relegated to the vicinity of ravines and inaccessible places.
We can find, like trees, small leaf oaks, Scots pine, black pine and fir trees, as well as common boxwood, grasses and junipers. And also rosemary, gorse, etc., that populate the areas that were burned years ago.
It should be noted the presence of five strictly protected plants within this space, which are: Aquilegia pyrenaica, Narcissus alpestris, Astragalus danicus, Thymelaea nivalis and Pulsatilla alpina.
In low and intermediate levels, there are holm oaks with shrubs such as rosemary or genista. The upper part is dominated by mountain pine forests, accompanied by undergrowth of bearberry and juniper. Finally, above 1,800 meters, there are apline meadows consisting mainly of festuca gautieri and montana oats.
The characteristic species of RNC is the deer (Cervus elaphus), which enjoys in these mountain ranges one of the most important and well-structured populations of the Pyrenees. Also worthy of note is the presence of the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and, more locally, of the pyrenean mountain goat (Rupicapra pyrenaica). The boar (Sus scrofa) is also present and can be observed regularly in the olm oaks and the oak groves, where it looks intensely acorns and other fruits of forest. Among the eminently forestry fauna there is the presence of the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), the black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), the Pyrenean owl (Aegolius funereus) and the woodcock (scholopax rusticola).
In the open spaces we can observe the partridge (Alectoris rufa), the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and the European hare (Lepus europaeus); And in the cliffs we will find the presence of rock birds of prey, such as Gypaetus barbatus (Catalonia area with greater presence of this species), the common vulture (Gyps fulvus) (within the Reserve there is the breeding colony more important of Catalonia), the egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) or the Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo). The black vulture (Aegypius monachus), is the largest bird in the whole Iberian peninsula, is preferably found in forests of oaks, cork oaks and portuguese oaks.
Among the carnivores, the presence of the fox (Vulpes vulpes), the badger (Meles meles) and the Beech marten (Martes foina), as well as other localized ones such as the wildcat (Felis silvestris), pine marten (Martes martes) or weasel (Mustela nivalis).
Finally, it is worth mentioning the presence within the streams and water courses of singular species, such as the Pyrenean triton (Euproctus asper) (Iberian endemism) or the native river crab white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) (increasingly scarce and located).
A special time: The rutting deer
The rutting season begins in mid-September and ends in mid-October. During this period the males dispute the females and create their own harems, constantly bellowing and marking the territory with glandular secretions and urine and scratching the trunks with their horns.
In the time of the bellow the dominant individuals develop an intense activity to keep the harem together. Therefore, during this time they do not stop chasing each other and fighting with the other male competitors, which ends up causing them a remarkable wear at the end of the heat season.
The younger males and the more dominated individuals wait until the end of the bellow (at which time the dominant specimens are very worn) to cover a late female.
It should be borne in mind that the zeal of the females has a very short duration, being receptive only for 24 hours.
By mid-October, the heat intensity of the males is reduced and the females begin to leave the harems to reunite with other females until the following autumn.
What to do during the rutting at the Boumort PNA
- In the first place we must bear in mind that we are in a vital moment for the species and therefore we must take extreme precautions to interfere as little as possible in the activity of this ungulate.
- Always try to go with maximum silence.
- Always circulate through the main tracks and not abandon them to approach the animals, they will notice your presence, they will stop bellowing and they will flee.
- We recommend that you look for a point where there is a high activity of bellowing and perform a wait in silence; in this way you will be more likely to make some interesting observation.
- Bring binoculars and ground telescope to facilitate observation. You can also take a guide to identify birds and mammals (groups of vertebrates easier to observe).
- It is important to have an all-terrain vehicle to carry out according to which routes.
- Due to the greater influx of visitors to the Reserve lately, the amount of waste left in the forest has also increased. For this reason, from the Reserve we want to make an appeal to citizenship in order that the activities carried out there be sustainable with the natural environment.
- Hiking is not recommended without a guide during this time.
|Starting Point / Finishing Point:||Tremp or Cuberes refuge (From Barcelona, consult us)|
|Departing time:||To determinate|
- It is the only place in Europe where the four species of vultures of the continent reproduce: Griffon Vulture, Black Vulture, Bearded Vulture and Egyptian Vulture.
- Its main attraction is the important population of deer that inhabits it and can be observed all year round, although the easiest time to see is that of heat, rutting.
- Learning to observe the main traces and signs of the animals that inhabit the Reserve, is something that will enrich your future trips to the natural environment, forever.
The schedules can be adjusted in spring-summer and autumn-winter, depending on the needs of customers and meteorology.
|Location||Reserva Nacional del Boumort|
|Calendar||All year around|
10:00 h Arrival at the reserve. Cuberes refuge.
-Welcome and presentation of the activity
10:30 h Departure to the town of Cuberes.
– Let’s know the Reserve
– Introduction to the observation of signs and signals
– What fauna can we find?
14:00 h Picnic lunch (during the hike)
15:30 h Arrival at the Cuberes refuge
16:00 h Workshops: “The fundamentals of tracking. Identify and interpret the tracks and signs that wild animals leave behind passing”
– Workshops and games inside and outside the refuge (Possibilities depending on the group and the meteo)
*Know the tracks of the most important animals in the reserve. Projections, manuals, and resin molds.
* Make a mold with plaster of a footprint.
* Workshop observation and visual acuity at the outdoors.
20:00 h Dinner and overnight at the Cuberes refuge.
08:00 h Breakfast
09:00 h Interpretive hike to the Roc dels Quatre Batlles or similar.
– Picnic meal
16:00 h Arrival at the refuge
– End of program
PRICE LIST. Price per person
|With transportation||Without transportation|