10/11 días
Duration
5/10
Physicality
+16 (Under 18 accompanied by tutor)
Age
Dates

Introduction:

When we talk about Chukotka, we are talking about the most remote region of Russia, and one of the most inaccessible. It was not completely conquered by Russia until the end of the 19th century, after many years of hard battles (and defeats) against its indigenous populations, mainly the Chukchi.

With an area of more than 730,000 km2 (the entire Iberian peninsula has an area of 580,000 km2), and a population of only 50,000 inhabitants, it is the region with the lowest population density in the whole Russia.

Its remote location made it possible for indigenous populations to retain many of their traditions and languages until not too distant times, but the internal wars between these indigenous ethnic groups – mainly among the most numerous and warlike ones, the Chukchis, the Koryaks and the Yukaghirs – minorities were assimilated and virtually disappeared.

On this particular trip, we will visit the Chukotka Region (or Chukchi), within the Autonomous District of Chukotka, located in the farthest northeast of the District, on the shore of the Bering Strait. To the West it borders the regions of Providenya and Iultin. Its extension is 30,700 square kilometers, and has a population of 4,600 inhabitants! Of these, some 4,600 are native (mainly Chukchi, but Inuits, Evens and Koriaks also live). Laurentya is its administrative center.

In all the native towns, the main occupations are the sea hunting,  fishing and the reindeer herding. In addition we also find hunters and trappers, whose main prey are the arctic fox, the arctic hare, the wolf and the wolverine.

In Lorino and in Neshkan there are 8 brigades of reindeer herders with over 3,000 animals. There are also arctic fox farming in Lorino and Inchoun.

Carving on bone and other materials is a practice especially made by men. It is thousands of years old and still is a strong tradition. Native women have their own traditions regarding manual works, such as embroidery and sewing, among others.

About Climate:

Due to its special location, this region presents very unusual weather conditions. The sun is always low, and there are less than 1,000 hours per year. In winter the weather is very unstable. The coldest month is usually January, with average temperatures of -22 ºC. When there are no hard frosts, hurricane winds and blizzards take over. There are two kinds of blizzards here: those coming from the North, which bring even more extreme frosts and snow; and those that come from the South, with pronounced “climbs of temperature” and abundant snowfalls.

July is the “hottest” month with an average temperature of 5.4 ºC

The average annual temperature is -8.2 ºC and the precipitation is 386 mm

Fogs and mists are frequent and are a feature of this region

About Wildlife:

The Chukchi Region has a unique diversity of plants and animals. Mainly the vegetation is found in the form of grasses, shrubs and lichen, perfectly adapted to the harsh environment. On stony slopes we can find the dwarf willow, mountain avens and shrubs. In areas saturated with water and rather closed we can find willow thikets and flowered glades.

            

Animal life in this region is almost all associated with boggy tundra, meadows and shrubbery. Rivers and lakes are inhabited by loach, grayling, ducks and geese. The clearings of bushes and shrub areas are comfortable for gophers, lemmings, hares and voles; which in turn attract foxes, wolves and several birds of prey.

We can also find ermine, reindeer, moose, brown bears, polar bears or wolverines.

Coastal birds are a special attraction in summer. In this time, the ocean offers these birds and also marine animals such as whales and walruses, a large amount of plankton and small crustaceans.

Natural conditions combine here to make the Bering Sea the richest of all Chukotka, in terms of wildlife.

On the large cliffs by the coast, there are numerous colonies of noisy birds, among which are the sea cormorants and several species of puffins (horned and tufted). Large herds of walruses at the foot of these cliffs and on sandy spits  can be found all along the coast of the Bering Sea. There are also numerous species of seals.

The open sea there are populations of grey, humpback, Greenland and finback whales. Also of orcas.

Lavrentiya:

It is the administrative center of the region. It is located 600 km northeast of Anadyr. About 2 hours by plane. It has a population of just over 1,000 inhabitants, of which 700 are natives. Lavrentiya is located on the shores of Lavrentya Bay, which was drawn on a map for the first time in 1746 by explorer Timofey Perevalov. The  Bay was named by James Cook in 1778 because his ship entered the bay on Saint Laurence’s day.

The city as such was not founded until 1927. Today it has a school, library, hospital, post office, museum and even a recreational center.

At 27 km from Lavrentiya there are thermal springs, which can be reached by an unpaved road, (full of snow in winter), and enjoy a fascinating hot water bath outside, with temperatures of 20 º under zero.

Lorino:

Lorino is located on the shores of Mechigmen Bay, 40 km from an unpaved road that goes from Lavrentiya to Lorino. It has a population of 1,400 inhabitants, almost 1,200 are native.

The area around Lorino is beautiful. In summer, the tundra offers us all its diversity of colours.

Cape Dezhnev:

It is a place marked by a dramatic cliff, which falls precipitously into the sea. It is the point of land located on the northernmost limit of Eurasia and on the edge of two oceans, the Pacific and the Arctic. Here, warm and cold currents meet, creating strong winds, mists in summer and snowstorms in winter.

This geographical feature takes the name of the first European who sailed from the waters of the Arctic to the Pacific Ocean; the Siberian Cossack Semyon Dezhnev, in 1648. England’s Captain James Cook, who went through the Bering Strait in 1778, gave it its other name – The Eastern Cape.

Today there are three monuments in the vicinity of the cape. One is a symbolic image of a baidara Inuit representing the connection between Asia and America. (Another similar monument exists at the Cape of Prince of Wales, in Alaska, only 89 km from Cape Dezhnev). The second is a memorial in the form of a wooden cross, put up in honour of the Russian sailors (when they celebrated the 350th anniversary of Semyon Dezhnev’s trip). The third is dedicated to the  explorer himself.

Starting Point / Finishing Point: Anadyr
Departing Time: Not available
Included:
Permit to the border zone
Entry to the national Park
Transportation costs in Chukotka (transfers, ferries, boats, all-terrain vehicles)
Accommodation
full board meals
Amaroq Explorers / Local Guide
Translator
tickets to the museums
Activities according to the program
Not included:
Management and processing of VISA for entry into Russian territory (contact us for advice)
Flights to / from Anadyr
Personal expenses such as drinks, tickets, phone calls …
Accommodation in Moscow (contact us for advice)
Travel insurance
Excess baggage
Equipment / personal clothing, sleeping bag, backpack, warm clothes, etc. Contact us for advice
Other services in Moscow and Anadyr
All services not specified in “included”

Highlights:

  • To have the opportunity to know the different native populations from this remote place, as well as observe their customs, their work (at sea as hunters and on land as reindeer herders) and their art and traditions.
  • An unbeatable place for the observation of marine fauna: whales, walruses, seals. The natural conditions combine here to make the Bering Sea the richest of all Chukotka, in terms of wild life.

Additional information

Groupsizemín 4 – máx 10
1

Day 1

Arrival in Anadyr

Meeting with a guide at the airport,

Registration at the border guard office. When arriving at Anadyr you must pass the internal customs controls (border area), which can take a few hours.

At this point of the program you must have patience, we are in a destination very remote and border with the United States, and the controls are exhaustive (personal interviews to each passenger).

Crossing the bay by ferry for the city

Accommodation at the apartment,

Lunch

City tour (monuments of Grinevetsky, Rytkheu, Mandrikov, St. Nicholas)

Dinner at the apartment, tasting of local delicacies: red fish, caviar and other.

A story about local rituals and traditions. The ritual of feeding the spirits

2

Day 2

Breakfast,

Crossing the bay for the airport.

Flight Anadyr-Lavrentiya,

Marking the documents at the border guards

Lunch in the local cafe

Walking tour of the village, visiting the local Museum,

Transfer to the village of Lorino,

Accommodation at the apartment

Dinner

3

Day 3

Early breakfast

Boat trip and observation of gray whales,

Lunch: meat of sea animals.

Walking tour of the village

Dinner

Overnight at the apartment

4

Day 4

Breakfast

Visit the underground meat storage ice chambers

Visiting bone-carving workshop,

A trip to the hot springs, swimming

Picnic

Return to the village,

Dinner

Overnight at the apartment

5

Day 5

Leaving by all-terrain vehicles for the reindeer herding brigade.

Taking pictures of tundra on the way.

Picnic

Meeting with reindeer herders, exchanging of gifts

Dinner: reindeer meat

Talking with reindeer herders, stories around the campfire about life in the tundra

Master class on lassoing

6

Day 6

Breakfast

Returning to Lorino,

Picnic on the way

Overnight at the apartment

7

Day 7

Sea voyage for a Cape Dezhnev

Visit the village of Naukan and the monument of Semen Dezhnev.

Picnic

Boat trip to the village of Uelen If the weather conditions allow

Visit to the Museum and bone-cutting workshop.

Returning to Lorino

Dinner

8

Day 8

Breakfast

Visiting old abandoned village of Akkani, now it is a hunters’ base for the l;ocal community.

Observation of a rookery of spotted seals and local hunting traditions

Demonstration of traditional cutting pinnipeds,

Lunch: meat of sea animals

Participation in traditional competition of whalers; harpoon throwing, rowing on a canoe, knitting knots, etc.

Returning to Lorino

Dinner

Overnight at the apartment

9

Day 9

Early breakfast,

Transfer to the Airport of Lavrentiya

Flight to Anadyr.

Observation of fishing for salmon on the shore

Picnic. Tasting of just made red caviar.

Ferry to the city.

Accommodation at the apartment

Dinner

10

Day 10

Breakfast

Visiting the Museum “Heritage of Chukotka” in Anadyr .

Lunch

Free time

Farewell dinner at the restaurant, exchanging of impressions,

Option: performance of the folk group (throat singing or dancing)

11

Day 11

Breakfast

Crossing the bay by ferry.

Excursion to the abandoned military base Gudym.

Picnic – Packed army ration

Transfer to the airport

Departure from Anadyr

End of program.