Yamal & Nenets. Herders from the End of the World. (Part 2)

Nenets still rely on their traditional clothing, which is compiled by women. Men wear the malitsa, a layer made of 4 reindeer skins, the nearest to the fur inside and leather the outer coat. It is compiled with a hood and mittens integrated into the suit . When the cold is extreme, still carry over another garment: the gus, which men wear the part of the leather on the inside and the outside skin. In that case, a man  is able to spend all night and sleep outside with the herd, at temperatures of 50 degrees below zero. Yagushka is the women dress, which has a double layer of skin, made from 8 reindeer skins and tied ahead. Finally, both men and women wear boots that come to their hips, with an inner layer (tobaki) and the outer boot (Kisy).


It is a curious fact that clothing when is too old or is already in very bad conditions, it is not discarded, but they carry to forest and hanging from a tree, because they believe it will be useful in the afterlife.

treball dona nenet

The housing of the Nenets is the chum, a space where they live and work, made by reindeer skins, which are placed over a structure of long wooden sticks, many of which have special place and are not interchangeable. In general, each chum, lives a family, and chums number depends on the size of the camp, the place chosen for installation always depends on the resources available: pasture, water and firewood; but also their beliefs. When the boss of the family find the right place, digs into the ground the khorei, his stick reindeer driving: that will be the center of the chum.

chum desfet

The space inside and outside the chum, is always distributed in the same way. Sleds and caravans are arranged in semicircles around the chum, with sleds of provisions and belongings of women placed in front or near the door, where it is also their workplace. Men’s things stay at the back, which is where they usually also work. Finally, the sacred sled is always placed in the back of the chum, and pointing to its center, The “toilets” are located away from the camp, and separated the men from the women.

secred sled

They often carry a stick to go to “restroom”, worth doing like them … It turns out that the reindeer find  irresistible salt of urine and do not pay attention can be absolutely surrounded !!!!

‘We’re leaving in three days !! But before we left we will give you time to tell you something else.

‘See you soon, then !!

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Ramon Dies Miracle


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